Support Teaching and
Learning In Schools
Trainee : Chris Gerry
Trenance Learning Academy
Unit TDA 2.15 – Support children and young people with disabilities and special educational needs. 1.1 – Outline the legal requirements of disabled children and young people and those with special educational needs. Most schools and academies now have written policies and parts of their mission statements specifically made for the inclusion and equality of SEN children. They must be in written form and should also be posted on the website for access to all who require it. There should also be policies which show the rights and responsibilities of those within the environment. The policies may be a number of separate ones or combined in one policy covering all the relevant areas. The policies should show how the school relates to the main policies affecting the special educational needs. These include:-
* Disability and access
* Gifted and talented pupils
* Race and cultural diversity
* Special educational needs
* Inclusion and equality of opportunity
* Safeguarding and bullying
A few examples of legislation that covers these areas are:
Children Act 2004 This sets out the duty to provide effective and accessible services for all children. The Equality Act 2010 This policy sets out the legal responsibilities of public bodies to provide equality of opportunity for all citizens. This has brought together 9 equality laws in to 1 policy. Education Act 1996 – This sets out the responsibility of the school towards the children with special educational needs. It also makes sure that schools provide extra support, resources and equipment to meet the educational needs of these children. Disability Discrimination Act 1995 This policy protects the rights of all who are disabled. It ensures ease of access to all parts of the school and any resources they need to carry out the tasks set. Some additions were made by the Disability Discrimination Act 2005 which gives the schools the duty to produce a Disability Equality Scheme (DES) and an Access Plan. This makes sure that the organisation doesn’t stop disabled people being included in every day school life and to eliminate bullying and unlawful discrimination. Special Educational Needs And Disability Act 200 One of the most important policies as it states that it is unlawful for providers of education to discriminate against pupils with a special need or disability. Race Relations Act 2000 This should promote the positive relationships between different races. Children Act 1989 This tells local authorities including schools that they must provide services according the to the specific needs of children and to ensure their welfare and safety. Human Rights Act 1998 This sets out the rights of all individuals and allows the person to take legal action against authorities when they feel their rights have been affected.
1.2 Describe the assessment and intervention frameworks for disabled children and young people, and those with special educational needs. Assessments are made by observing and evaluating the children with special needs. You can also find out a lot about them by working alongside them. This gives you many pointers to their needs. Parents and carers may mention something that they have noticed about the development of the child. Once a need has been noticed, the SENCO can offer advice or contact outside agencies for advice as to what to offer the child. This can help to make a specific plan for the child to make sure that they receive the best education tailored to their individual needs. Right from an early age there are ways to test each child to see if there are any concerns or ways to improve their learning experience. Starting in EYFS there are six main areas of learning in which there are goals to be met by the end of EYFS. If a child falls short on these tests, it can show a need for extra assistance in certain...
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