Educational Psychology and Special Education

Topics: Educational psychology, Special education, Disability Pages: 3 (1150 words) Published: January 27, 2014


Sarah Lemon
SPE-359 wk 2
Brian Berger
July 14, 2013

What is the definition of a learning disability and who should qualify to be special education? What assessments should be made to be able to know what child belongs where? This is what we are going to explore in this paper. We want to see exactly who qualifies and how to go about assessing what needs can be met by choosing to place a child in special education or leaving in general education and making some modifications. The main point to remember for any child is doing the best we can for their success.

Learning disabilities are a bit tough to diagnose, the reason for this is because learning disabilities affects everyone differently. While one person may have difficulty with reading or writing another person may have trouble with math or following through with directions. “Researchers think that learning disabilities are caused by differences in how a person’s brain works and how it processes information” (Medicinenet, 2013) Usually the people with learning disabilities, such as Aspbergers, are highly intelligent and only have problems with how the brain sends the information, not being non-intelligent. IDEA states that “A learning disorder in one or more of the basic psychological processes involved in understanding or in using language, spoken or written that may manifest itself in an imperfect ability to listen, think, speak, read, write, spell, or do mathematical calculations, including conditions such as perceptual disabilities, brain injury, minimal brain dysfunction, dyslexia, and developmental aphasia”. This encompasses a wide range of children and we have to figure out how to best assess whether these children should be put into special education, or if they could function better with modifications to the general education classroom.

Because learning disabilities are so multidimensional the assessments must also be in order to properly diagnose what...

References: Adapting Instruction. (2004, May 4). Retrieved July 14, 2013, from http://www.angelfire.com/in4/kfluhart/favorite.htm
Learning Disabilities Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment on MedicineNet.com. (2013, July 1). MedicineNet. Retrieved July 14, 2013, from http://www.medicinenet.com/learning_disability/article.htm
Logsdon, A. (2013). Understanding Testing for a Learning Disability. About.com Learning Disabilities. Retrieved July 14, 2013, from http://learningdisabilities.about.com/od/assessmentandtesting/a/spedtesting.htm
Luke, S. D., & Schwartz, A. (2007). Assessment and Accommodations. National Dissemination Center for Children with Disabilities. Retrieved July 14, 2013, from http://nichcy.org/research/ee/assessment-accommodations
TeachersFirst - E-READY Special Education Professional Resources. (1994). TeachersFirst - E-READY Special Education Professional Resources. Retrieved July 14, 2013, from http://legacy.teachersfirst.com/sped/prof/adapt-strat.html
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